What is Turing Test?
Ein Turing-Test ist ein Test, der durchgeführt wird, um die Fähigkeit einer Maschine zu bestimmen, intelligentes Verhalten zu zeigen. Das Grundkonzept hinter dem Test ist, dass, wenn ein menschlicher Richter in einer natürlichen Sprache Konversation mit einem Computer beschäftigt ist, wo er nicht zuverlässig Maschine von Mensch unterscheiden kann, die Maschine den Test besteht. Antworten von beiden Teilnehmern der Konversation werden in Form eines Nur-Text-Kanals empfangen. Dieser Test wurde 1950 von Alan Turing introduced.
The Turing test measures a machine's ability to think and is an important term in the philosophy of artificial intelligence. A machine's success in thinking can be quantified by the likelihood that a human will misidentify it as a human subject.
A computer's ability to think is determined by an imitation game. There are three players in this game, A, B, and C. Player A is a man, B is a woman, and C is of both sexes. C cannot see A and B and communicates with the others through written notes. Player C determines which of the others is male and which is female by asking a series of questions. Player A leads the interrogator to make the wrong decision, while B tries to lead C on the right path.
In the original imitation test, Turing A suggests being a computer. The computer pretends to be a woman and tricks the interrogator into making a wrong judgment. The success of the machine is determined by comparing the outcome of the game when A is a computer and when A is a man. If the interrogator goes wrong while playing the game between man and woman, the computer is judged to be intelligent.
There are some differences in how a Turing test should be interpreted, but the basic premise is whether a human judge can determine whether he is speaking to a machine or another human.