What is clipper chip?
The Clipper chip was a chipset developed by the US government during the Clinton administration. It should be an encryption device that can be used by all communications companies for their voice transmission services.
The US government needed a way to keep track of all communications inside and outside the US. That is why she proposed the Clipper Chip Initiative in 1993. It was designed with safety in mind, but was not implemented and scrapped in 1996.
The Clipper chip used what is known as a skipjack algorithm, which was developed by the US National Security Agency (NSA) and classified as secret. It contained the CAPSTONE chip, which provided all of the cryptographic processing. The clipper chip should be adopted by all telecommunications companies in the USA to ensure encryption and thus prevent outside eavesdropping. There was a back door, however; The government had the decryption key and anyone legally authorized to do so could access the key and decrypt all messages.
The Clipper chip provoked the public and the computer industry as a whole because of possible privacy issues and possible abuse. The Electronic Privacy Information Center and the Electronic Frontier Foundation questioned the proposal, saying they could expose citizens to possible illegal surveillance. In addition, individuals and businesses could get stuck with an insecure communication system because the encryption and secret classification of the clipper cannot be evaluated by the public.