What is a test automation framework?
A test automation framework is essentially a set of guidelines for creating and designing test cases. It's a conceptual part of automated testing that helps testers use resources more efficiently.
The test automation framework is not an actual component of a test software application, but rather a combination of concepts and tools that work with elements such as internal libraries and reusable code modules as the basis for test automation.
Test automation frameworks can organize test cases by providing test case syntax including methodological instructions and setting up an area for iterative testing to make the whole process more efficient and less difficult.
There are several types of models for test automation frameworks - for example, some of them are keyword-oriented, with a table of keywords forming the basis for creating test cases.
A data-driven approach is also possible, in which the test framework provides “inputs” and observes a number of corresponding “outputs”. One way to account for this is that it is similar to how a graph calculator depicts a parabolic curve: in the data-driven test cases, a number of variables are used to study how variable changes affect test results.