What is technocracy?
Technocracy is an ideology that models government to emphasize technical ability and efficiency. In theory, technocracy is pragmatic before it is populist. Ideally, technocratic leadership is assigned on the basis of merit rather than influence or heredity.
Technocracy, of course, is not conducive to career politicians, but prefers government leaders who specialize in other relevant professions and industries than politics and government.
The idea of technocracy dates back at least to the time of the Great Depression, but was not implemented in government in any generally recognizable way. Still, there have been some notable attempts to establish technocracy as an accepted political movement, and there is reason to believe that it may gain traction in the 21st century.
The movement has crossed with communist and capitalist circles. It's hard to see who coined the term “technocracy”, but what we do know is that it was temporarily appropriated by a controversial figure named Howard Scott to start a political movement between World War I and World War II.