Sustainability or sustainability is a leitmotif coined in the discussion of the integration of ecological aspects into social or economic processes. A report by the Brundtland Commission preceding the Rio conference (1992) defines sustainability as follows: Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
A society oriented towards sustainability follows three principles:
1. The consumption of renewable resources does not exceed their regeneration.
2. The consumption of non-renewable resources does not exceed the extent to which sustainable renewable substitutes are developed.
3. The extent to which pollutants are emitted does not exceed the assimilation capacity of the environment.
Starting points for management measures that promote sustainability can be identified as follows:
1. First of all, possibilities of increasing the productivity of all natural resources are to be determined.
2. In addition, products should be assessed on the basis of their entire life cycle in order to achieve true economic and ecological costs.
3. In many cases, the level of sustainability can also be increased by preferring a pronounced solution-oriented perspective to a product-oriented perspective.
4. Last but not least, assuming a natural resource scarcity situation, investments should be made in their reconstruction.