Securing wages is intended to ensure that wages generally flow to the employee. It is regulated in different ways:
The seizure of the wage claim that the employee has against his employer is possible for a creditor of the employee if he has an enforceable title against the employee as a debtor, but only under two restrictions:
- Part of the net wage may not be attached. This garnishment-free amount can be found in the garnishment table.
- Likewise, no total travel expenses, allowances, risk allowances, dirt allowances, hardship allowances and additional vacation allowances may be seized.
Die Aufrechnung der Lohnforderung, die der Arbeitnehmer gegenüber dem Arbeitgeber hat, ist dem Arbeitgeber nur dann möglich, wenn die Forderung des Arbeitgebers fällig und eine Geldforderung ist, z. B. als Schadenersatzforderung. Die Aufrechnung kann jedoch durch Tarifvertrag, company agreement oder Arbeitsvertrag ausgeschlossen sein.
The prohibition of assignment, which makes an assignment by the employee to a creditor with regard to the non-attachable parts of the wages null and void, e.g. B. the assignment of the entire monthly wage.
The insolvency failure allowance, which is paid by the Employment Agency at the request of the employee as compensation for claims from arrears due to the opening of insolvency proceedings for the previous three months of the employment relationship This also applies in the event that the bankruptcy application is rejected due to lack of assets.