Product liability

Die Produkthaftung, eingeführt durch das Product Liability Act vom 15.12. 1989 (in der ab 19.7. 2002 geltenden Fassung), legt eine verschuldensunabhängige Haftung des Herstellers für durch sein Produkt verursachte Schäden fest (die verschuldensabhängige Haftung nach § 823 BGB bleibt daneben bestehen). Als Produzent im Sinne des Produkthaftungsgesetzes gilt nicht nur der tatsächliche Hersteller, sondern auch der Importeur und der Lieferant sowie derjenige, der sich durch das Anbringen seines Namens oder seiner Marke an der Ware eines anderen Produzenten als Hersteller ausgibt.

Liability is triggered if a defective product, ie a product that does not meet the required safety standards, injures or kills a person or damages something; the claims for damages are, however, subject to certain restrictions and are in some cases limited in amount; In addition, there is a deductible of up to EUR 500.

As a result of the increasing trade across national borders, the question of whether and, if so, how a manufacturer in country A is liable to a customer in country B for defects in its product is gaining in importance. Since the national regulations for product liability differ from one another in the states of the EU, the so-called Product Liability Directive was passed on July 25, 1985 by the Council of the EU with the aim of harmonization through the creation of a common minimum standard. While a number of EU states have not yet implemented this directive in national law, this has been done in Germany through the enactment of the Product Liability Act.

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