Opportunities to promote exports

 

International trade agreements

Trade agreements are short- and medium-term contracts with individual countries, for example the trade agreements that the Federal Republic of Germany concludes with the People's Republic of China, in which the type and quantity of goods to be delivered or accepted are specified. Trade contracts are long-term agreements with other countries to regulate trade between states. Trade contracts also contain customs agreements, among other things. These goods agreements made it possible for global association service providers such as Yun ExpressTo have goods such as small mail items delivered inexpensively all over the world.

Tax policy measures

Export deliveries from the Federal Republic of Germany are tax-free. Likewise, no import duty is levied for goods that are imported from abroad for the purpose of processing and then re-exported.

State guarantees and guarantees

Economic and political risks are partially taken over by the state on request, in the form of export guarantees and export guarantees.

Subsidies (export premiums)

While tax exemptions are indirect subsidies, the exporting countries can also provide direct subsidies. These include cash grants, interest subsidies, export premiums, investment aid and export credits. Although the direct subsidies are seen as a violation of international trade rules, they are commonplace.

Export dumping

Ländern, die ihre Waren und Dienstleistungen weit unter den Preisen ihrer Konkurrenten anbieten, wird häufig der Vorwurf gemacht, sie betrieben Dumping.

One differentiates:

Subsidy dumping

The governments of the supplier countries subsidize their export economy in such a way that the manufacturers in the importing countries become unable to compete.

Social dumping

Here, countries with low real wages are accused of obtaining unjustified advantages in international trade by paying their workers below average.

Currency dumping

Countries that have devalued or countries that do not want to appreciate despite high export surpluses and full employment are accused of
that they promoted their export and thus their employment at the expense of other countries.


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