Parent company

A parent company is a company that has a controlling interest in another company.

A parent company does not have to use the 100% subsidiary own. It just has to own the controlling stake.

What does parent company mean?

What is the definition of parent company? When people think of investors, they tend to think of individuals investing in companies. Although individuals make up a large majority of investors, companies also invest in other companies. That happens pretty regularly. Berkshire Hathaway, for example, is a company that invests in other companies. Another example with a high profile is Microsoft in the 1990s. Microsoft invested millions of dollars in Apple Computers when Steve Jobs returned as CEO.

Most large companies have at least one subsidiary. “Gap Inc.” from the USA is a good example. The company owns "Old Navy" and "Banana Republic". Thus, "Gap Inc." is considered the parent company of "Old Navy".


Parent companies must have the Equity method use. Parent companies must also prepare consolidated financial statements that combine the annual financial statements of the parent company and the subsidiary into one larger financial statement. Common accounts such as investment accounts are not included in the consolidated financial statements. These types of reports enable investors to get an accurate picture of the parent companies' worth.

If a parent company holds 100% of a subsidiary's shares, it can take control of the subsidiary's assets, withdraw its shares, and consolidate the two companies. There are often tax and legal ramifications in the case of mergers and acquisitions. In many cases, companies face antitrust issues when merging horizontally with other companies in the same industry.


A parent company is a company that has control over another company (subsidiary) and can therefore control its activities.

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