What is monotony?
This is monotony through vertical Division of labor Conditional, uniform and not very motivating sense of work, e.g. B. with seamstresses, data typists, work at the control panel, loading of machines. It often leads to job dissatisfaction, disinterest, less vigilance, a higher number of errors, poor performance, accidents, fluctuation and absenteeism.
The following operational principles offer effective means against monotony:
That Job enlargement, in which an expansion of the work task is carried out by grouping certain work elements at one workplace, e.g. B. up to now a seamstress has only sewn sleeves, now she sews the whole blouse.
That Job enrichment, which enriches the work task by increasing the scope for decision-making and / or the scope for control, e.g. B. A seamstress is now also involved in the design of the blouse.
That Job rotation as a job change. This is to reduce the one-sided burden on the worker and increase their flexibility, z. B. a seamstress changes from workplace A to workplace B, which differs from A in terms of work content.
However, not every worker who is burdened with monotonous work is willing to work in a varied job because, for various reasons, he feels less monotonous or copes with it better.
In the case of high-performing employees, the formation of semi-autonomous groups that can make their own decisions within a defined framework has proven successful. The members of such a group decide e.g. B. independently about their distribution of tasks and the break regulations. The monotony can also be counteracted by appropriate work design, e.g. B. through dosed music offered, appropriate breaks, gymnastics.