Management by Delegation (MbD) is a leadership technique in business administration. A supervisor transfers tasks that can be delegated to his employees.
Definition / explanation
Management by delegation means, when translated, leadership through the transfer of tasks. It describes a concept in the management process. With this leadership technique, tasks are delegated from the superior to the employees. Mostly these are recurring and similar tasks.
In advance, the supervisor sets the scope of the respective tasks and, if necessary, milestones. In addition, the employees are given appropriate powers of representation and instruction to perform these tasks. During the entire course of this management technique, the superior only concentrates on control and leaves the operational work to the respective employees.
advantages and disadvantages
- better motivation of employees through the transfer of tasks and responsibilities
- more activity among employees in the company
- there is no rigid decision-making authority and hierarchy
- Relief for superiors and managers
- more time the line manager has for employees to answer questions
- more decision-making authority and personal responsibility for employees
- better working atmosphere in the company
- Better use of the freed-up capacities of managers for other tasks
- Management functions are not considered equally
- as a result, control is inadequate and goals are not achieved
- poor motivation, as employees feel degraded as errand boys