What is Macroeconomic Factor?
A macroeconomic factor is one that is related to the broader economy at a regional or national level and affects a large population rather than a select few individuals. Examples of macroeconomic factors are economic performance, unemployment, inflation, savings, investments. These are key indicators of economic performance that are closely monitored by governments, businesses and consumers.
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The relationships between various macroeconomic factors are extensively studied in the field of macroeconomics. While macroeconomics deals with the economy as a whole, microeconomics deals with the study of individual actors such as consumers and companies and their economic decisions.
Ein makroökonomischer Faktor kann alles umfassen, was die Richtung eines bestimmten großen Marktes beeinflusst; So können beispielsweise die Financial policy und die verschiedenen Vorschriften die Wirtschaft eines Staates oder einer Nation beeinflussen und sogar internationale Auswirkungen haben. Nicht alle makroökonomischen Faktoren sind negativ; einige fördern auch das Wirtschaftswachstum.
Negative macroeconomic factors
Negative macroeconomic factors include events that can put a national or international economy at risk. This turbulence could be due to the redistribution of resources - common in war economies - or damage to property, assets and livelihoods.
Unexpected events such as the debt crisis that began in the United States in 2008 and had repercussions around the world would be considered a macroeconomic factor along with major national disasters such as earthquakes, tornadoes and floods.
Neutral macroeconomic factors
Certain economic shifts are neither positive nor negative. Instead, the exact implications are determined by the intent of the action. This can include trade regulation across state or national borders. The nature of the change, such as introducing or lifting a trade embargo, will have different effects depending on the economy studied.
Positive macroeconomic factors
Positive macroeconomic factors include events that lead to prosperity within one or more nations. For example, a fall in fuel prices in the United States could encourage consumers to buy more retail goods and services.
As the demand for goods and services increases, the suppliers of these goods, both nationally and internationally, will generate higher revenues from increased consumer activity. These increased profits can, in turn, cause stock prices to rise.
Macroeconomic Factor Cycle
Economies are often cyclical at the macro level. Since positive influences lead to prosperity, this can lead to certain prices due to increased demand. Higher prices could then depress the economy as households tighten their spending.
Wenn das Angebot die Nachfrage zu überwiegen beginnt, können die Preise wieder sinken, was bis zur nächsten Verschiebung von supply and demand zu mehr Wohlstand führen wird.