Bill of lading

The loading note is a security issued by a carrier in which the carrier undertakes to deliver goods to be transported to the person entitled against the return of the loading note. It is a shipping document in inland shipping (§§ 444-450 HGB and §§ 7276 Inland Shipping Act). In shipping on the Rhine, the loading note is also known as the Rhine bill of lading and river bill of lading.


The sender of goods can request that the carrier issue a loading note after the goods have been loaded. The content of the loading slip is decisive for the legal relationship between the carrier and the recipient. The person entitled by the loading note already has the sender's rights of disposal over the goods before the goods arrive at the place of delivery (Section 477 (2) HGB).

Bill of lading

The loading note basically has the same effect as that bill of lading. In contrast to this, only an original is issued for the loading note. He can be:

An ordinary loading slip, which is a recta paper as a name loading slip. It does not contain an order clause. Its transfer to another person takes place through handover and assignment, ie through assignment (§ 410 BGB). However, this person only acquires those rights that the assignee still has to the carrier at the time of assignment.

Order loading slip

An order loading slip that contains the issuer's order clause. The entitled person can unconditionally adhere to the content of the order loading slip in his claims against the carrier. The order loading slip is made through agreement, handover and above all that endorsement transferred (§ 363 HGB). Because of its greater security in commercial transactions, the order loading slip is often preferred to the ordinary loading slip.

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