What is international logistics?
International logistics is a concept that goes far beyond national logistics. It includes the planning, control and implementation of the flow of goods and information between countries. International logistics can also be understood as material flow, such as:
- Currents that come from outside (suppliers and partners)
- internal processes (materials, raw materials, semi-finished products)
- Flows targeted at recipients of finished goods, services and products
Aspects of international logistics
International logistics have three forms:
Functional - Involves tasks and processes of international companies, ie all activities and processes of goods transport in time and space between two points: sender and recipient
Institutional - includes all technical and organizational units that were created to carry out the logistical processes
process - International logistics describes the economic area without borders, with guaranteed free movement of services, goods and capital
Special features of international logistics
The peculiarity of international logistics is due to the peculiarities of international trade, in particular:
Multiple crossing of the national border by goods, which entails additional fees (e.g. customs) as well as delays and obstructions in the flow of materials
The trade circles the globe and passes through many climatic zones with different means of transport, storage and storage systems
Existing substitution between logistics expenditure and expenditure for production, service and sales show that complex and expensive logistics costs can in part be replaced by an appropriate distribution of the production processes.