Table of Contents
Definition of industrial property protection
Unter gewerblichem Rechtsschutz werden alle Gesetze zusammengefasst, die dem Schutz bestimmter unternehmerischer Leistungen im gewerblichen Bereich dienen: Der technischen Erfindungen durch das Patent- und Gebrauchsmustergesetz, besonderer Gestaltungen und Formgebungen durch das Geschmacksmustergesetz, der Marken, geografischen Herkunftsangaben und geschäftlichen Bezeichnungen durch das Trademark Law sowie schließlich allgemein der unternehmerischen Betätigung durch das Gesetz gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb.
The products created in the company can be legally protected. The commercial legal protection includes all legal norms that serve to secure a technically usable intellectual work. He is referring to
Patents that are granted for inventions that are new, involve an inventive step and are commercially applicable (Section 1 PatG). Inventions are technical achievements that represent teaching and instructions for technical action, such as circuits, machines, processes. The patent owner can allow a third party to use it by means of a license agreement.
Utility models that serve to protect work equipment and objects of daily use that have a new design, arrangement, device or circuit, are based on an inventive step and are commercially applicable (§ 1 GebrMG).
Design patents are property rights that contain the right to reproduce a commercial design in whole or in part, such as B. the design of furnishings and utensils (GeschmG).
Word, picture or combination characters
Brands, business names and geographical indications of origin give products the character of branded articles. According to the MarkenG, a company can register a sign for entry in the trademark register. The subject of the mark can be word, figurative or combination signs. Word characters are e.g. B. Persil or Coca-Cola.
An employee invention is an invention that is directly related to an employment relationship. The rights to it are regulated by the Employee Invention Act (ArbNErfG), insofar as it concerns protectable inventions. The employer has to pay the employee an inventor remuneration for the use of the invention.