Definition of inland waterway transport
Inland waterway transport is a type of transport that is particularly important as a pre-transport system for bulk goods to the sea ports or as a post-transport system from the sea ports to the inland. Many raw material deliveries are carried out by inland shipping.
In inland waterway transport there are:
Shipping companies and owners
• Shipping companies and private individuals who own a maximum of three inland waterway vessels. In addition, company shipping for the transport of company-owned goods on company ships should be mentioned.
• Freighters who often ensure that the loading capacity is well utilized. They are a kind of freight trader who usually do not have their own ships, but conclude freight contracts with exporters or importers in their own name and distribute their cargo to shipping companies or particulate matter.
In inland shipping there are various tariffs as freight conventions with regard to certain product groups, e.g. B. the Rhine Convention as a tariff for the carriage of grain, oilseeds and animal feed or the Swiss Convention on the Rhine, which applies to the transport of goods to and from Switzerland.
There is an exchange-like freight market on the respective Schifferbörse, e.g. B. in Duisburg and Rotterdam, at the supply and demand face after rides. On the stock exchange are z. B. Shipowners, freight forwarders and private owners are permitted.
Since the beginning of the EU internal market, there has been increased competition on the rivers. The number of carriers from other EU countries has increased significantly.