Import trade and import procedures

Import trade is understood to mean trade carried out by specialized import companies. Goods purchased abroad are resold to domestic customers.

In the case of direct import, the user procures the goods directly from the foreign manufacturer or exporter.

In the case of indirect imports, the users (trade, industry) procure the goods from a domestic importer.

The importer has in principle the same tasks as a domestic trader, but he bears additional risks in his business, such as: B. for changes in exchange rates and political framework conditions as well as for transports. Importers mostly specialize in certain groups of goods.

According to the Foreign Trade Act, a distinction must be made between three import procedures:

Permit-free import

The license-free import includes the import of goods by residents (residents), which is permitted according to the import list without a license. The import clearance of these goods must be applied for at the competent customs office, enclosing certain documents. The documents include B. the invoice, possibly a certificate of origin, an import control report and an import license. The customs office checks the admissibility of the import and only refuses approval if important documents are not provided.
The import list contains a record of approx. 10,000 items of goods. This list shows which goods do not require approval and which ones require approval.

Imports requiring a permit

For imports that require a permit, the relevant procedure for import that does not require a permit applies, whereby an import permit must also be presented to the customs office. This is necessary if the type of goods in question is marked in the import list as goods requiring approval. The Federal Office of Economics is responsible for issuing the permit for commercial goods and the Federal Office for Food and Forestry for agricultural goods.

Simplified import

Simplified import is permitted for goods that are listed in a catalog of the Foreign Trade Ordinance (Section 32 AWV) and whose value does not exceed certain maximum limits. These include B. Films and phonograms, books, samples and samples. The goods must be declared at a customs office. Neither an import permit nor an import declaration or a certificate of origin is required for the import.

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