What is geocoding?
Geocoding is the process of converting an address into spatial data and mapping the exact geographic coordinates for that address. It is used in geographic information systems to find the coordinates of a place or an address.
Geocoding is also known as forward geocoding.
Geocoding is typically implemented by geocoder software, the task of which is to find geographic coordinates from a geographic information system (GIS). Typically, geocoding works by using the address as input and searching for it in the geographic information system (GIS).
The GIS usually contains the geographic coordinates for that particular address. The geocoding then interpolates the position of the address in formal geographic coordinates. These coordinates include the latitude and longitude of the location or address you are looking for.