Every job has different demands on the people who do it. Factors such as the workplace and its environment, the specific physical activity and the resulting stress cause differences in the requirements of each individual job.
Definition / explanation
Das Genfer Schema ist ein Bewertungsmodell, das als Grundlage zur Anforderungsermittlung und Job evaluation dient.
It was presented at an international conference for job evaluation in Geneva in 1950 and contains standardized criteria for the evaluation of the aspects ,Be able' and ,Load'in order to categorize the different requirements of work and professional activities.
According to the Geneva scheme, work-related activities are categorized according to four criteria:
- Mental demands - this includes mental ability and mental stress, the category relates to thought processes and professional skills
- Physical demands - this includes physical ability and physical strain, the category refers to the muscles, - nerve and sensory strain as well as dexterity
- responsibility - this can, for example, concern questions about security or personnel decisions
- Environmental influences - these concern working conditions and associated factors such as temperatures, radiation, dirt or background noise
The Geneva scheme serves as a model for performance evaluation and in questions of wage determination. It is still used today, for example in the specific definition of pay groups in collective agreements.