What is Extensible 3D Graphics (X3D)?
Extensible 3-Dimensional (X3D) Graphics is the open international standard for 3D graphics on the Internet. Demanding and simple 3-D models can be created with X3D. X3D has the ability to display animated objects from different angles, allowing user interaction and insight. X3D models can be further combined and connected to create advanced 3-D virtual environments that work on the Internet.
X3D is compatible with other open source standards like DOM, XML, XPath and so on. X3D is an XML-based file format for displaying 3D graphics on the Internet. X3D has the following properties:
- Superior application programming interfaces (APIs)
- Extensions to its predecessor, the Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML), e.g. CAD capabilities, humanoid animation, NURBS, Geospatial, etc.
- Ability to code a scene with an XML syntax in addition to the Open Inventor-like syntax of VRML97
- Support for multi-texture and multi-level rendering
- Support for shading with normal map and light map
- Support for delayed rendering architecture
- Ability to import cascaded shadow mapping (CSM), screen-space-environment occlusion (SSAO), as well as real-time environmental reflection / lighting
- Lets users benefit from optimizations such as: B. binary space partitioning trees / quadtrees / octtrees or culling in the Extensible 3D Graphics scene
X3D specifies different profiles for different skill levels, including X3D Interchange, X3D Core, X3D Interactive, X3D Immersive, X3D CADInterchange, and X3D Full.
There are many software programs that parse and interpret X3D files natively. These include Blender, a 3D graphics and animation editor, and Project Wonderland, the Virtual World Client from Sun Microsystems.
Another program called the X3D Applet works within a browser and displays content in 3D using OpenGL 3D graphics technology. X3D applet can display X3D content in multiple browsers on multiple operating systems.
In the 2000s, various organizations, including Bitmanagement, adjusted the quality of X3D's virtual effects to match DirectX 9.0c, but at the expense of proprietary solutions. All major functions, including game modeling, have already been completed.