Export trade and export procedures

In export trade, domestic or foreign goods are sold to foreign entrepreneurs by specialized export trading companies.
Die Ausfuhrhändler ist zumeist auf Absatzgebiete, nicht auf Waren spezialisiert. Er arbeitet häufig mit ausländischen Agenturen und Korrespondenzfirmen zusammen. Seine speziellen Kenntnisse der ausländischen Märkte machen ihn zu einem wichtigen Handelspartner für kleine und mittlere Unternehmen. Hinzu kommt, dass sich der Ausfuhrhändler in allen Bereichen des Transports, der Versicherung, der Ausfuhrabwicklung und zumeist auch der Export finance auskennt. Der Ausfuhrhändler trägt, ebenso wie der Importeur, die zusätzlichen Risiken des Außenhandels.

The following export procedures are distinguished according to the Foreign Trade Act:

License-free export

Export without a license is the rule in export trade. It does not require a government permit, which means that exports are largely liberalized. In view of the high export orientation of the German economy, this is understandable.
However, every export transaction is subjected to export controls by the responsible government agencies. These offices are the customs offices, the Federal Office of Economics and the Federal Office of Food and Forestry.

Every delivery abroad must be presented to a customs office before crossing the customs border. Usually, the customs inspection is carried out by inland customs offices (dispatch customs offices), which customs officers send directly to the exporters' business premises. The shipping containers are then sealed. During this process of customs clearance, an export declaration (AE) must be submitted to the customs office, which is also an export declaration. The customs authorities enter the customs notices on this form. The company commissioned with the transport receives the stamped export declaration with the accompanying documents, which must be presented to the border customs office for final customs clearance.

For export shipments with a low value, a small export declaration, which is also an export declaration, is sufficient.

Export subject to authorization

For certain goods, export is subject to authorization. These include embargoed goods such as war weapons for crisis areas or essential goods that are extremely scarce in the country itself. For such sensitive goods, an export license from the Federal Office of Economics or the Federal Office of Food and Forestry must be obtained and noted on the export declaration.

All other processes correspond to the procedure for export without a license.

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