Commercial enterprises

Erwerbswirtschaftliche Betriebe werden von privaten Inhabern betrieben. Sie Wirtschaften vorwiegend mit dem Ziel, aus den am Markt erzielten Erlösen abzüglich der dafür aufgewendeten Kosten einen Gewinn zu erzielen, aus dem sie ihren Lebensunterhalt bestreiten und den business durch zusätzliche Investitionen erweitern.
From a macroeconomic perspective, profit fulfills three main tasks:

  • The motivational function of profit is that an incentive to perform is to be given.
  • The signal function is intended to show private investors in which areas the use of capital is currently worthwhile.
  • The steering function of profit is intended to direct production factors into those areas in which their use appears most worthwhile.

In addition to the profit target, commercial operations pursue further goals that support the profit target to a large extent, but can also compete with it in some cases. Such goals can be:

  • Security through long-term portfolio and asset protection
  • Market power by increasing market shares
  • Social responsibility by securing jobs
  • Independence (e.g. financial or technical)
  • Business growth through expansion of production capacities
  • Prestige by increasing the public image
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