The collegial principle is a method of joint decision-making between the owners of organizational units that are at the same decision-making level. It is z. B. used by corporate management bodies. It is possible to practice collegiality in different ways. Accordingly, a distinction can be made between:
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The primacy collegiality
The primacy collegiality, in which a member of the collective body is first among equals, ie his vote is decisive in the event of differences of opinion, or he reserves the right to make important decisions.
Voting collegiality, in which all decisions are made jointly according to the majority principle. As a special case, in the event of a tie, the vote of the person most affected by the process can be decisive.
The collegiality of cassation, which seeks to make decisions unanimously, e.g. B. by countersigning the other decision maker (s). A member of the committee can assert the right of veto by refusing to countersign.
The departmental collegiality, in which each decision-maker decides independently for his area of responsibility. Cross-divisional questions are left to the joint decision of those involved.
The collegial principle differs fundamentally from the directorate principle, in which a single person makes decisions on a committee. This guarantees a uniform formation of wills, but great powers that can lead to lonely decisions compensate each other. In this case the whole development of the company can depend on one person.