Collective labor law is the law that regulates the agreements between the employer and the works council and between the trade unions and employers' associations as parties to the collective bargaining agreement. Its basis is the freedom of association (Article 9, Paragraph 3 of the Basic Law) as the right to form associations for the purpose of promoting working and economic conditions. Collective labor law includes:
The collective agreement law, which is regulated in the Collective Bargaining Act (TVG). The collective agreement is a written agreement between an employer or an employers' association and a trade union. The focus is on the regulation of employment relationships as well as individual works constitution law or operational issues.
Works constitution law, which is anchored in the BetrVG and clarifies the extent of the participation and codetermination of the employees in matters of a company that are subject to codetermination. The interests of the employees are predominantly represented collectively by elected employee representatives, the works council.
While the trade unions represent the interests of the employees at the supra-company level, among other things through the conclusion of collective agreements, the participation and codetermination of the employees in companies with at least regularly employed employees takes place through the works councils elected by them
the company agreement zählt auch zum kollektiven Arbeitsrecht. Sie wird in einem schriftlichen Vertrag zwischen Arbeitgeber und Betriebsrat zur Regelung betriebsinterner Angelegenheiten geschlossen, die zum Zuständigkeitsbereich des Betriebsrats gehören. Der Arbeitgeber hat die Betriebsvereinbarung an geeigneter Stelle im Unternehmen auszulegen.