What is broadcast address?
A broadcast address is a special IP (Internet Protocol) address that is used to transmit messages and data packets to network systems. Network administrators (NA) check the successful transmission of data packets via broadcast addresses.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) and Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP) clients use broadcast IP addresses to find and transmit corresponding server requests.
When IP classes were developed, certain IP addresses were reserved for specific tasks. Broadcast addressing was developed to make message transmission easier for all network devices.
The following is a broadcast addressing analogy:
A teacher prepares to announce the winner of a student competition and can use one of the following approaches: (1) the teacher can stop by any student desk and discreetly reveal the name of the winner, or (2) the teacher could name the winner of the Announce class and then ask the winner for recognition. The second option, which is more efficient, is broadcast addressing in the real world.
A broadcast address example in computer processing is Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6), which does not support the network broadcast address (255.255.255.255) of IPv4. As a workaround, IPv6 sends a multicast message to each host group member.