What is binary format?
A binary format is a format in which file information is stored in the form of ones and zeros or some other binary (two-state) sequence. This type of format is often used for executable files and numeric information in computer programming and in memory.
In a mathematical sense, binary number converts multi-digit numbers or other information into a series of ones and zeros. Some call this an on-off format because each data bit is in either one of two states. In summary, these strings of ones and zeros (or on and off designations) can form much more complex data records.
Binary format files can often be described as represented in machine language. Computers take these binary ones and zeros and translate them into executable languages or other types of code.
Other types of formats include a text format, in which individual characters are represented as their own digital codes, or a hexadecimal format, in which a base 16 number system is used to represent integers or other data.