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The collective bargaining partners agree the contents of the collective agreement without outside influence, in particular on the part of politics.
The right to be a party to a collective agreement belongs to the employers not only to the employers' associations but also to the individual employers and the guilds. On the employee side, only the unions or their associations are eligible for tariffs.
Collective bargaining agreement
The parties to the collective bargaining agreement are bound by the provisions of the collective agreement. They represent minimum conditions. Of course, more favorable regulations for the employee may be included in the individual employment contract, e.g. B. a higher wage, more vacation, can be agreed.
Declaration of general liability
The Federal Ministry of Labor can, under certain conditions, declare a collective agreement generally binding in agreement with a committee consisting of three representatives each from the top organizations of employers and employees at the request of a collective bargaining party.
Such a collective agreement is binding for all employers and employees in the relevant collective bargaining area.
A tariff register is kept at the Federal Minister for Labor and Social Affairs. It documents the conclusion, amendment, repeal and declaration of general applicability of collective agreements.