What is Base Transceiver Station?
A base transceiver station (BTS) is network equipment that enables wireless communication between a device and a network.
A BTS consists of the following:
- Antennas that relay radio messages
A BTS is also known as a base station (BS), radio base station (RBS) or Node B (eNB).
A network can be any wireless technology such as B. Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA), global system for mobile communication (GSM), worldwide interoperability for microwave access (WiMAX) or Wi-Fi. However, because a BTS is associated with mobile communication technologies, it refers to the device that creates the 'cell' in a cellular network. Sometimes an entire base station and its tower are incorrectly referred to as a BTS or cellular tower.
As part of a cellular network, a BTS has facilities for encrypting and decrypting communications, spectral filtering equipment, antennas and transceivers (TRX) to name a few. A BTS typically has multiple transceivers that allow it to service many of the cell's different frequencies and sectors.
A parent base station controller (BSC) controls all BTSs via the base station control function (BCF) - either a separate unit or integrated with the TRX for compact base stations. The BCF establishes a connection to the network management system (NMS) and manages the operating states of the transceiver.
The function of the BTS remains the same - no matter what type of radio technology is used.