What is Adaptive Route?
An adaptive route refers to an optimal and efficient routing path that is selected when routing priorities change or when routing devices, nodes or other network components fail. An adaptive route ensures continuous network connectivity and operations.
Several protocols are available to facilitate routing over adaptive routes. Some of them are:
- Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
- Open the most recent path first (OSPF)
- Intermediate system to intermediate system (IS-IS)
- Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP) / Extended Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP)
Static networks do not implement adaptive routes and instead opt for static or fixed routes. If one of the routes fails, the packet transfer will either fail or the packet will have to wait for the route error to be resolved. This proves that the effective implementation of adaptive routes is essential for routing.
An adaptive route is selected based on routing criteria, algorithms, and priorities assigned to various network devices.
For example, a person has to travel to another city for a meeting, but the normal bus line is stopped because a road is being built. So he has to choose an alternative method, like a train. This modified route is similar to an adaptive route chosen as an alternate path for network data.