What are the social sciences?

The social sciences cover many different academic disciplines that focus on humanity. The study of social sciences goes back to ancient Greece. The social sciences include anthropology, archeology, education, geography, history, political science, psychology, social issues, and social welfare and sociology. Schools that offer social science degrees can also be found in these popular choices.

Overview of the social sciences

The social sciences are a broad field of research that studies society and relationships between people. Each of the different departments of the social sciences offers a glimpse into humanity. The social sciences essentially analyze all aspects of our existence to determine what brought us to this point. Common areas are anthropology, archeology, political science, psychology and sociology.


Anthropology is the study of humanity. Anthropologists study the beginnings of mankind and human growth physically, culturally, and socially. You will examine and identify cultural issues such as:

  • Eating habits
  • habitat
  • Marriage customs
  • nourishment
  • disease


Archeology involves collecting, restoring, and studying materials that were used in previous cultures. Ruins of buildings, pottery, tools and weapons are used to analyze cultures and observe their lives. Archaeologists then learn about the habits, history and customs of earlier cultures.

Political science

Political Science studies politics in history and around the world. This can include analysis of governments, political systems, and behavior. Political science also examines intercultural relationships and political structures that influence one another.


Psychology is the study of emotional, social, cognitive, and physical aspects of human behavior and the mind. Topics addressed by psychologists can be:

  • Seeks
  • eating disorder
  • Suicide
  • violence
  • trauma
  • depression
  • sexuality
  • Marriage and divorce
  • abortion


Sociology is the study of human behavior through the study of social life, change, and causes consequences within groups. Sociologists examine ethnic groups, religious groups, genders, families, and others to see how they react to this:

  • technology
  • Bless you
  • crime
  • Social movements
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