Ocean freight transport includes the commercial transport of people and things by sea. International and national merchant fleets participate in it. The German merchant fleet is one of the youngest and most modern. German ships have a high level of classification. The classification is the regular examination of the fitness to drive and load a ship for a certain sea route.
German merchant fleet
Because the German merchant fleet can only provide part of the required loading capacity, considerable parts have to be transported on foreign ships. Serve:
The liner shipping, which according to a fixed timetable on certain sea routes with specified ports by named ships of the shipping company transports goods that can be general cargo and bulk cargo General goods are goods that have individual packaging (e.g. boxes, sacks or barrels) or can be combined in containers or pallets. Bulk goods are unpackaged, liquid or dry bulk goods.
Tramp shipping, which Giiter transports on individually requested sea routes according to a freely agreed timetable as required. Freight brokers work here. A charter contract is usually concluded with her, which can relate to individual or all cargo holds.
Shipowner vs. carrier
When selecting the port facilities, it should be checked whether the goods can be loaded smoothly and whether there are sufficient transport routes for onward transport. When selecting a carrier or shipping company, it is often advisable to involve a competent ship broker. The shipowner is whoever is the owner of a ship that is used to purchase by seafaring. The carrier is the one who runs his own ship or who does not belong to him or who has it operated for his own account (§ 484 and 510 HGB).
The carrier in sea transport corresponds to the carrier in land transport.