The loading note represents a security issued by a freight carrier in which the carrier undertakes to deliver the goods to be transported to the entitled party in return for the return of the loading note. It is a shipping document in inland shipping (§§ 444-450 HGB and §§ 7276 Inland Shipping Act). In shipping on the Rhine, the loading note is also called the Rhine bill of lading and the river bill of lading.
The sender of a good can request that the carrier issues him a loading note after the goods have been loaded. The content of the loading note is decisive for the legal relationship between the carrier and the recipient. The person entitled by the loading note already has the sender's right of disposal over the goods before the goods arrive at the place of delivery (Section 477 Paragraph 2 HGB).
Bill of lading
The loading note basically has the same effect as that bill of lading. In contrast to this, only an original is issued for the loading note. He can be:
An ordinary loading bill, which is a recta paper as a name loading bill. It does not contain an order clause. Its transfer to another person takes place through handover and assignment, ie through assignment (§ 410 BGB). However, this person only acquires those rights that the assignor still has at the time of assignment to the carrier.
Order loading slip
An order loading note that contains an order clause from the issuer. The entitled party can strictly adhere to the contents of the order loading note in its claims against the carrier. The order loading slip is created through agreement, handover and, above all, that endorsement transferred (§ 363 HGB). Because of its greater security in commercial transactions, the order loading note is often preferred over the usual loading note.