What is biotechnology?
Biotechnology is a technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms and their components to create products and other technological systems to promote the human condition. This advancement can come in the form of increased food production, medical breakthroughs, or health improvements as a result of new knowledge and new products. The term is an obvious combination of the word bio (life) and technology.
Biotechnology is a big concept and encompasses many industries, but with an emphasis on using living organisms to accomplish every goal in its industry. It aims to develop technologies and processes to modify living organisms for human purposes, with examples dating back to the earliest ancestors of humans, domestication of animals, cultivation of plants and their improvements based on artificial selection and Have discovered hybridization.
The largest areas of biotechnology are agriculture and the pharmaceutical and medical sciences. Throughout the history of agriculture, farmers have altered the genetics of their animals and plants to produce a richer harvest and more robust varieties that can survive in different climates. The fermentation of various foods such as beer and wine, pickles and cheese is also one of the earliest forms of biotechnology. Because of the fascination of microbes like yeast for various preparation processes like brewing beer and rising bread, this led to Louis Pasteur's work in 1857 which inspired humanity with a better understanding of microbial life and fermentation, as well as the development of antibiotics.
Some branches of biotechnology:
Green Biotechnology - This industry is about agricultural practices such as creating new plant varieties or plant varieties with higher yields and pest or weather resistance.
Blue Biotechnology - This department deals with marine and aquatic applications.
Red Biotechnology - This industry deals with medical and health-related processes such as making antibiotics and engineering genetic remedies through genetic manipulation.
White biotechnology - This industry is also known as industrial biotechnology, where biotechnology is geared towards developing or manufacturing certain chemicals that can be used for industrial purposes, such as environmentally friendly cleaning products or those that break down and break down dangerous chemicals and pollutants can neutralize.
Bioinformatics - This branch deals with biological problems through computational techniques that enable large amounts of biological data to be quickly organized and analyzed. The point is to conceptualize biology in terms of molecules and then try to understand and organize the information on a large scale.